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Creation of a regional and urban railway network system in Mauritius

Abstract : The Republic of Mauritius is a middle-income country with an open and diversified economy. Despite its size, limited natural resources and its geographical isolation, it is fully integrated in the global economy. It is characterized in particular by a high density population (628 inhabitants per km²) with 1.262 million inhabitants for an area of 2,040 km². The government has announced an ambitious program in order to access to an emerging country status by 2025, through sustainable and fairly distributed growth. For that purpose, the country has launched the national program called " Vision 2030 ", which provides the conditions for the completion of this transition. The support of the main financiers of the country's modernization programs (the African Development Bank [ADB], the French Development Agency [AFD]) is consistent with this internal dynamic. In order to achieve this, there has to be solutions to resolve the absence of modern infrastructure and sized to the country's growing needs for transport. Indeed, the private sector in Mauritius considers " inadequate infrastructure ", especially in the transport field, to be the third most important obstacle to business in the country. The development of quality public transport solutions is at the heart of the current reforms undertaken by the government. A road decongestion plan has been initiated as early as 2014 and the construction of transport infrastructures to provide mass transit function is on the way: the construction of a light metro project called " Metro Express " Should start by the 10th March 2017. It is in that context that it has been proposed to identify what type of railway and urban network could be the most relevant to fulfill its inhabitants’ needs, while achieving the country’s prospects. Firstly, this study will assess the state of the country in its current context, both in terms of its demography and evolution, as well as its economic, political and institutional situation. In order to complement the general contextual analysis, the existing modes of transport as well as the population flows will be examined. Secondly, we will reflect on the stakes to be met by the means of transport in situ as well as the constraints and risks related to it, in order to understand the reasons for choosing the appropriate transport system. A technical proposal of the chosen transport system is then proposed. It includes the constituent parts of the track, power supply, rolling stock, system design, layout, operation and maintenance. Finally, the conditions for the actual implementation of the project is specified, particularly in terms of organization (role of the different participants, project planning, implementation planning) and financial planning.
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https://hal-enpc.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01724405
Contributeur : Romain Boistel <>
Soumis le : mardi 6 mars 2018 - 14:53:45
Dernière modification le : vendredi 23 octobre 2020 - 17:02:10
Archivage à long terme le : : jeudi 7 juin 2018 - 14:00:05

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  • HAL Id : hal-01724405, version 1

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Laurence Brion, Pauline Gautier, Gweltas Guibe, Henri Maokhampio, Stéphane Ouakam. Creation of a regional and urban railway network system in Mauritius. 2018, pp.77-92. ⟨hal-01724405⟩

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