A Precision Analysis of Camera Distortion Models

Abstract : This paper addresses the question of identifying the right camera direct or inverse distortion model permitting a high subpixel precision fit to real camera distortion. Five classic camera distortion models are reviewed and their precision compared for direct or inverse distortion. By definition, the three radially symmetric models can only model a distortion radially symmetric around some distortion center. They can be extended to deal with non-radially symmetric distortions by adding tangential distortion components, but still may be too simple for very accurate modeling of real cameras. The polynomial and the rational models instead miss a physical or optical interpretation, but can cope equally with radially and non-radially symmetric distortions. Indeed, they do not require the evaluation of a distortion center. When requiring high precisions, we found that the distortion modeling must also be evaluated primarily as a numerical problem. Indeed, all models except the polynomial involve a non-linear minimization which increases the numerical risk. The estimation of a polynomial distortion model leads instead to a linear problem, which is secure and much faster. We concluded by extensive numerical experiments that, although high degree polynomials were required to reach a high precision of 1/100 pixels, such polynomials were easily estimated and produced a precise distortion modeling without over-fitting. Our conclusion is validated by three independent experimental setups: The models were compared first on the lens distortion database of the Lensfun library by their distortion simulation and inversion power; second by fitting real camera distortions estimated by a non parametric algorithm; and finally by the absolute correction measurement provided by photographs of tightly stretched strings, warranting a high straightness.
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IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2017, 26 (6), pp.2694 - 2704. <10.1109/TIP.2017.2686001>
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Dernière modification le : lundi 18 septembre 2017 - 17:30:21

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Zhongwei Tang, Rafael Grompone von Gioi, Pascal Monasse, Jean-Michel Morel. A Precision Analysis of Camera Distortion Models. IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2017, 26 (6), pp.2694 - 2704. <10.1109/TIP.2017.2686001>. <hal-01556898>

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