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Communication Dans Un Congrès Année : 2022

Evapotranspiration in urban stormwater planter boxes: A study of eight lysimeters under temperate climate

Évapotranspiration dans les jardins de pluie urbains : Étude de huit lysimètres sous climat tempéré

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Résumé

Sustainable urban drainage systems aim to promote the infiltration and the evapotranspiration (ET) processes rather than the runoff. In this study, the ET in 1 m3 pilot stormwater planters were studied from eight lysimeters monitored for three years in a dense urban environment in Paris (France). In each lysimeter, a piezometer, four weighing cells and a tipping bucket are used to measure respectively the water level in the internal water storage (IWS), the mass change of the whole lysimeter and the underdrain flow. Meteorological data, precipitation and water level are also collected respectively from the weather station, the rain gauge and the pan evaporimeter installed next to the lysimeters. Daily ET was calculated for each lysimeter based on a mass balance approach. The uncertainties related to the daily ET estimates were assessed at ± 0.42 to 0.58 mm depending to the lysimeter and according to the uncertainty propagation law. Results showed that for these lysimeters, with an impluvium equal to 4 times the vegetated surface, ET is the major term in water budget (57 to 90% of the cumulated water inputs) with maximum daily values reaching 8 mm/d. In addition, the observations showed that the major determinants of ET are the existence or not of an internal water storage (IWS) and the atmospheric factors (global radiation, air temperature and in a minor extent air humidity). The type of vegetation is a secondary determinant, with little difference between the herbaceous and the shrub configurations, maximum ET for spontaneous vegetation and minimal values when the vegetation was regularly removed. Shading of lysimeters by surroundings buildings is also an important factor and leads to lower values. Finally, ET with an IWS is higher than reference values tested (evaporimeter, FAO-56, and local Météo-France equations), except for regional Météo-France formula which overestimates ET of lysimeters and especially in summer. For future studies, it is expected to include some aspects in the experiments for explicitly addressing shading effects and vegetation evolution.
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Dates et versions

hal-03898865 , version 1 (14-12-2022)

Identifiants

Citer

Ahmeda Assann Ouédraogo, Emmanuel Berthier, Marie-Christine Gromaire. Evapotranspiration in urban stormwater planter boxes: A study of eight lysimeters under temperate climate. EGU-2022, May 2022, Vienne, Austria. ⟨10.5194/egusphere-egu22-7672⟩. ⟨hal-03898865⟩
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