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Investigation on gas permeability of compacted GMZ bentonite with consideration of variations in liquid saturation, dry density and confining pressure

Abstract : During the long term operation of a disposal repository, gas will be inevitably generated. Determination of gas permeability of compacted bentonite is of great importance for the safety assessment of the engineered barrier system. In the present work, the steady-state and residual pressure methods were employed to determine the gas permeability of GaoMiaoZi (GMZ) bentonite with consideration of variations in liquid saturation, dry density and confining pressure. Results show that, gas migration in saturated GMZ bentonite was mainly controlled by diffusion with an effective gas permeability of 1E-23 m2 - 1E-25 m2. While in unsaturated GMZ bentonite, significant gas flow rates could be observed, which increased stably with the increase of gas injection pressure. Klinkenberg effect was significant when gas flow through GMZ bentonite. The Klinkenberg corrected gas permeability decreased by 3.5–5.5 orders of magnitude as the liquid saturation increased from 10% to 70%. A decreasing magnitude of 1–2 orders in Klinkenberg corrected gas permeability was presented with the dry density increased from 1.5 Mg/m3 and 1.7 Mg/m3. The Klinkenberg corrected gas permeability decreased by 0–1 orders of magnitude as the confining pressure increased from 3 MPa to 7 MPa. By using the accessible porosity, gas measured intrinsic permeability could be determined with values ranged between 1E-15 m2 to 4E-15 m2, which was higher than the water measured one by 5 orders of magnitude. Additionally, a generalized power law was successfully adopted in this study to describe the evolution of gas relative permeability with the liquid saturation. Overall, the effective gas permeability, Klinkenberg corrected gas permeability, intrinsic and relative permeability determined in this study provided a comprehensive perspective to assess the buffering property of GMZ bentonite in multi-physical field coupling environment. The parameters obtained can be adopted in further simulation works for long-term safety analysis of the disposal repository from the viewpoint of gas migration.
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https://hal-enpc.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03045934
Contributeur : Yu-Jun Cui <>
Soumis le : mardi 8 décembre 2020 - 11:17:43
Dernière modification le : vendredi 8 janvier 2021 - 16:53:01

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L. Xu, W.M. Ye, Y.G. Chen, B. Chen, Yu-Jun Cui. Investigation on gas permeability of compacted GMZ bentonite with consideration of variations in liquid saturation, dry density and confining pressure. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, Elsevier, 2020, 230, pp.103622. ⟨10.1016/j.jconhyd.2020.103622⟩. ⟨hal-03045934⟩

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