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Article Dans Une Revue Water, Air, and Soil Pollution Année : 2020

Determination of 18 Biocides in Both the Dissolved and Particulate Fractions of Urban and Surface Waters by HPLC-MS/MS

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Résumé

A robust method is provided to analyze 18 hydrophilic and hydrophobic biocides in both dissolved and particulate fractions of five types of urban and surface waters using high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry. The linearity, accuracy, and intermediate precision were validated. The target biocides were enriched by solid-phase extraction using Chromabond HR-X 200-mg cartridges and eluted with methanol, ethyl acetate, and dichloro-methane. Suspended matter was extracted by microwave-assisted extraction in methanol and dichlo-romethane. Recoveries and variability (respectively > 75% and < 30% for most of the target biocides and matrices) made it possible to quantify biocides at a trace level in all matrices. Limits of quantification were in the range of nanograms per liter in the dissolved fraction and in the range of nanograms per gram of dry weight in the particulate fraction for most of the biocides and matrices, and were generally lower than those reported in previous studies. The method was successfully applied to surface waters, treated and untreated wastewa-ter, combined sewer overflows, and stormwater, providing unique data in these matrices for some substances , in particular with respect to particle contamination. In urban waters, concentrations of most of the biocides ranged from 10 to 200 ng/L. Diuron, isothiazolinone, and benzalkonium concentrations could reach 0.9, 0.9, and 20 μg/L respectively. In rivers, most of the biocides were measured at less than 10 ng/L, but higher concentrations were observed for benzalkoniums (up to 200 ng/L) or after rain events, which indicates biocide transfer from urban surfaces into the aquatic environment during wet weather.
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Dates et versions

hal-02868245 , version 1 (29-06-2020)

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Claudia Paijens, Bertrand Frere, Emilie Caupos, Régis Moilleron, Adèle Bressy. Determination of 18 Biocides in Both the Dissolved and Particulate Fractions of Urban and Surface Waters by HPLC-MS/MS. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 2020, 231 (5), pp.210. ⟨10.1007/s11270-020-04546-6⟩. ⟨hal-02868245⟩
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