P. Aucoin, Administrative Reform in Public Management: Paradigms, Principles, Paradoxes and Pendulums, vol.3, pp.115-137, 1990.

P. Bezes, The Hidden Politics of Administrative Reform : Cutting French Civil Service Wages With a Low-Profile Instrument, Governance, vol.20, pp.23-56, 2007.

P. Bezes and D. Demazière, Introduction to the Special Issue.New Public Management and Professionals in the Public Sector. What New Patterns Beyond Opposition?, Sociologie du Travail in English, vol.54, pp.1-11, 2012.

A. S. Binderkrantz and J. G. Christensen, « Delegation without agency loss ?The use of performance contracts in Danish central government, Governance, vol.22, pp.263-293, 2009.

G. Bouckaert, V. Nakrosis, and J. Nemec, Public Administration And Management Reforms in CEE: Main trajectories and Results, The NISPAcee journal of Public Administration and Policy, IV, vol.1, pp.9-29, 2011.
DOI : 10.2478/v10110-011-0001-9

URL : https://content.sciendo.com/downloadpdf/journals/nispa/4/1/article-p9.pdf

J. L. Brudney, T. Hebert, and D. S. Wright, Reinventing government in the American States, 1999.

, Measuring and explaining administrative reform, Public administration review, vol.59, pp.19-30

N. Brunsson, The organization of Hypocrizy, The decision and action in organizations, 1982.

J. Christensen, Danish public management reform before and after NPM, 2009.
DOI : 10.4337/9781849802031.00023

J. L. Wallis, International handbook of public management reform, pp.262-278

T. Christensen and P. Laegreid, Transcending new public management, the transformation of public sector reforms, 2007.

, Professionals and the New Managerialism in the Public Sector, 1999.

C. Farrell and J. Morris, The "Neo-Bureaucratic" State: Professionals, Managers and Professional Managers in Schools, General Practices and Social Work, vol.10, pp.129-156, 2003.

J. R. Gingrich, Making Markets in the Welfare State. The Politics of Varying Market Reforms, 2011.

S. Goldfinch and J. Wallis, Two myths of convergence in public management reform, Public administration, vol.88, pp.1099-115, 2010.

N. Greenan and J. Mairesse, Réorganisations, changementsdu travail etrenouvellement des compétences, Revue économique, vol.57, p.1203, 2006.

D. Guillemot and G. Jeannot, Modernization and bureaucracy in France: Assessing State administration by private sector standards, pp.54-55, 2013.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00826180

G. ;. Hajnal, G. Cocops-research-hammerschmid, and R. Meyer, Public Sector Reform in Hungary: Views and Experiences from Senior Executives, Country Report, vol.83, pp.709-723, 2005.

H. F. Hansen, The Ashgate Research Companion to New Public Management, pp.113-129, 2010.

C. Hood, The tools of government, 1986.
DOI : 10.1007/978-1-349-17169-9

URL : https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/bfm%3A978-1-349-17169-9%2F1.pdf

C. Hood, A public management for all seasons, Public administration, vol.69, pp.3-19, 1991.

C. Hood and H. Margetts, The tools of government in the Digital Era, 2007.

C. Hood, O. James, B. G. Peters, C. ;. Scott, and E. Elgar, Controlling Modern Government. Variety, Commonality and Change, 2004.
DOI : 10.4337/9781845423599

URL : https://www.elgaronline.com/downloadpdf/9781843766292.00002.xml

C. Hood, The Blame Game. Spin, Bureaucracy and Self-Preservation in Government, 2011.

C. L. Ibsen, T. P. Larsen, J. S. Madsen, and J. Due, ChallengingScandinavianEmployment Relations: the Effects of New Public Management Reforms, The International Journal of Human Resource Management, vol.22, pp.2295-2310, 2011.

G. Jeannot and D. Guillemot, Réformer par les outils ou par les hommes? Un bilan quantitatif de la «modernisation de la gestion» de l'Etat, Politiques et management public 27, vol.4, pp.73-102, 2010.
DOI : 10.4000/pmp.2926

URL : http://journals.openedition.org/pmp/pdf/2926

G. Jeannot and D. Guillemot, French public management reform: an evaluation, International journal of public sector management, vol.26, pp.283-297, 2013.
DOI : 10.1108/ijpsm-04-2012-0047

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00835206

W. J. Kikert, Public management reform Continental Europe: National Distinctiveness, 2010.

S. Kuhlmann and J. Bogumil, Evaluating administrative modernization in German local government: success or failure of the new steering model, Public administration review, vol.68, issue.5, pp.851-863, 2008.

P. Laegreid, P. Roness, and K. Rubecksen, Modern management tools in Norvegian state agencies: regulation inside Government or Shopping basket ?, Stein Rokkan centre for social studies working paper 13, p.38, 2006.

P. Lascoumes and P. L. Galès, From the Nature of Instruments to the Sociology of Public Policy Instrumentation, Governance, vol.20, issue.1, pp.1-21, 2007.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01400189

J. M. Magone, The difficult transformation of state and public administration in Portugal. Europeanization and the persistence of neo-patrimonialism, Public Administration, vol.89, pp.756-782, 2011.

J. H. Meyer-sahling, Civil Service Professionalisation in the Western Balkans, 2012.

J. H. Meyer-sahling, Sustainability of Civil Service Reforms in Central and Eastern Europe Five Years after EU Accession, 2009.

H. Mintzberg, The Structuring of Organizations: A Synthesis of the Research, 1979.

M. Noordegraaf, Dynamic conservatism: the rise and evolution of public management reform in the Netherlands, International Handbook of Public Management Reform, pp.262-278, 2009.

. Oecd, In search of results, performance management practices, 1997.

E. Ongaro, The role of politics and institutions in the Italian administrative reform trajectory, vol.3, pp.738-755, 2011.

E. Ongaro, E. Spain, and . Elgar, Public Management Reform and Modernization, Trajectories of Administrative Change in Italy, 2009.

T. H. Poister and R. P. Mc-gowan, The use of management tools in municipal governement: a national survey, Public administration review, vol.44, issue.3, pp.215-223, 1984.

C. Pollitt and G. Bouckaert, Public Management Reforms: an International Comparison, 2011.

H. G. Rainey, B. ;. Bozeman, R. Fording, and S. F. Schram, Comparing public and private organizations: empirical research and the power of a priori, Governement by the Market?The Politics of Public Choice. MacMillan Soss, vol.10, p.232, 1993.

L. Torres, V. Pina, and S. Royo, E-government and the transformation of public administration in EU countries:Beyond NPM or just a scond wave of reforms ?Documento de trabajo 2005-01 Faculdad de Ciencias economicas y empresariales, vol.33, 2005.

R. M. Walker, An empirical evaluation of innovation types and organizational and environmental characteristics: towards a configuration framework, Journal of public administration research and theory, vol.18, pp.591-615, 2007.

K. Wegrigh, Public Management Reform in the United Kingdom: Great Leaps, small steps and policies as their own cause, International Handbook of Public Management Reform, pp.137-154, 2011.

J. T. Weishaupt, « A Silent Revolution? New Public Management Ideas and the Reinvention of European Public Employment Services, Socio-Economic Review, vol.8, pp.461-486, 2010.

K. Yesilkagit and J. Vries, Reform Styles of Political and Administrative Elites in Majoritarian and Consensus Democracies: Public Management Reforms in New Zealand and the Netherlands, Public Administration, vol.82, pp.951-974, 2004.