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Two models based on local microscopic relaxations to explain long-term basic creep of concrete

Abstract : In this manuscript, we propose an exhaustion model and an adapted work-hardening model to explain the long-term basic creep of concrete. In both models, the macroscopic creep strain originates from local microscopic relaxations. The two models differ in how the activation energies of those relaxations are distributed and evolve during the creep process. With those models, at least up to a few dozen MPa, the applied stress must not modify the rate at which those relaxations occur, but only enables the manifestation of each local microscopic relaxation into an infinitesimal increment of basic creep strain. The two models capture equally well quite several phenomenological features of the basic creep of concrete. They also make it possible to explain why the indentation technique enables the quantitative characterization of the long-term kinetics of logarithmic creep of cement-based materials orders of magnitude faster than by macroscopic testing. The models hint at a physical origin for the relaxations that is related to disjoining pressures.
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Matthieu Vandamme. Two models based on local microscopic relaxations to explain long-term basic creep of concrete. Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, Royal Society, The, 2018, 474 (2220), pp.20180477. ⟨10.1098/rspa.2018.0477⟩. ⟨hal-02125497⟩

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