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Journal Articles Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering Year : 2017

Thermal volume changes and creep in the Callovo-Oxfordian claystone


The Callovo-Oxfordian (COx) claystone is considered as a potential host rock for high-level radioactive waste disposal at great depth in France. Given the exothermic nature of radioactive wastes, a temperature elevation planned to be smaller than 100°C will affect the host rock around the disposal cells. To gain better understanding of the thermal volumetric response of the COx claystone, a new thermal isotropic compression cell was developed with particular attention devoted to monitoring axial and radial strains. To do so, a high precision LVDTs system ensuring direct contact between the LVDT stem and the claystone sample through the membrane was developed. A short drainage length (10 mm) was also ensured so as to allow full saturation of the sample under stress conditions close to in-situ, and fully drained conditions during compression. High precision strain monitoring allowed to observe a volumetric creep under stress conditions close to in-situ. A drained heating test under constant stress carried out afterwards up to 80°C exhibited a thermo-elastic expansion up to a temperature of 48°C, followed by thermoplastic contraction at higher temperature. Creep volume changes, that appeared to be enhanced by temperature, were modelled by using a simple Kelvin-Voigt model, so as to estimate the instantaneous response of the COx claystone and to determine its thermal expansion coefficient. The temperature at which the transition between thermal expansion and contraction appeared is close to the maximum burial temperature of the Callovo-Oxfordian claystone, estimated at 50°C. This is in agreement with what has been already observed on the Opalinus Clay by Monfared et al. (2013) that was interpreted as a thermal hardening phenomenon, showing that the material kept the memory of the highest temperature supported during its geological history.
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hal-02104056 , version 1 (19-04-2019)



Malik Belmokhtar, Pierre Delage, Siavash Ghabezloo, Nathalie Conil. Thermal volume changes and creep in the Callovo-Oxfordian claystone. Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering, 2017, 50 (9), pp.2297-2309. ⟨10.1007/s00603-017-1238-7⟩. ⟨hal-02104056⟩
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