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Creation of a transport system in Port Said, Egypt: What kind of transport for a developing country?

Abstract : Founded in 1859, the town of Port Said was created as a place to live for those building the Suez Canal. The city is situated at the end of the Canal, by the Mediterranean Sea. Nowadays, it is the third largest urban agglomeration in Egypt. The harbor is this town’s central point. Close to Port Said, on the other side of the Canal, there is another town called Port Fouad. The two cities have experienced rapid growth and used to be a taxfree area that brought a lot of foreign business into the country. But in the 1970s, Port Said and Port Fouad experienced an economic crisis. On August 2015, a new canal was created on the other side of Port Fouad. The project added a new 35 km long (22 miles) shipping lane to the existing 164 km long (102 miles) canal, allowing the sailing of ships in both directions. It also included the deepening and expansion of a 37 km long (23 miles) section from the existing canal. Furthermore, in the near future, the agglomeration of Port Said-Port Fouad will experience a lot of changes, as the Egyptian government wants to create a new hub in Suez’s region, making Port Said regain its past prestige and become a center for logistics and harbor activities. A lot of money will be invested in that project and soon, the town of Port Fouad will build a new harbour, gaining new inhabitants. There is, however, an important issue to take into consideration. Indeed, the agglomeration is becoming bigger and bigger but there is no organized system of transport in the city, which is becoming overwhelmed by traffic jams. There are lots of cabs, minibuses and personal cars – all of which are informal means of transport. Moreover, another struggle at this point is the physical isolation of Port Fouad, because of the canal. That’s why we want to create an organized public system of transport that could resolve the congestion and reconnect the two siblings towns. First, we will make a diagnosis on the agglomeration to find the right solution and solve the different issues of the town. Our proposal would be to install three lines of BRT, a metro cable and a shuttle bus system to answer the transportation needs. Finally, we will explain every operation, provide a guideline for maintenance and establish the costs and benefits of our project.
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https://hal-enpc.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01724349
Contributeur : Romain Boistel <>
Soumis le : mardi 6 mars 2018 - 14:17:42
Dernière modification le : mercredi 31 octobre 2018 - 16:15:49
Archivage à long terme le : : jeudi 7 juin 2018 - 13:56:02

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  • HAL Id : hal-01724349, version 1

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Zineb Aklikim, Fatima Lucas, Kévin Berger, Ibrahima Pellel Bah, Aurélie Schraub. Creation of a transport system in Port Said, Egypt: What kind of transport for a developing country?. 2018, pp.15-28. ⟨hal-01724349⟩

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