The pitfalls of signature. Questionning affiliation in French research and higher education institutions

Abstract : With the emergence of the citation cycle, scientific activities have entered an accountability regime (Wouters, 1999). Publications in prestigious journals account for the activities of labs and departments, contribute to their higher visibility and allow them to access funding (sometimes through a performance-based system), are used to attract attention and students to the laboratory (Rushforth & de Rijcke, 2015). In this context, affiliation is a topic (or a variable) of growing interest in science policy, as illustrated by the occurrence of the term (more than 70 times) in the proceedings of the STI conference in 2016. It is mainly addressed in technical terms (for instance how to clean addresses) but not only. With the development of social media, being easily identified and recognizable is nowadays an important issue for individuals in academia. It’s also a challenge for institutions. Affiliation reflects multiple socialities; it can mean joining or being part of a group, even sometimes excluding oneself from this group. Scientific activities take place in multiple collectives arranged around instruments, projects, domains or specialties, funding schemes... with professionals belonging to various organizations, institutions, etc. As emphasized by Pontille (2004), the history of the scientific signature is closely tied to how research is organized in a field. Signature is also a sign that should be understood inside a larger agency connected to the genesis of acts, their making and their archives (Fraenkel, 2008). In universities, various services are in charge of analysing and managing research outputs to inform institutions’ strategy: library, office of research, knowledge transfer structures, etc. In this study, we focus on how doing bibliometrics affect their role in the larger framework of the university organization. Job profiles in libraries are moving towards “data librarian” profiles because of the need of technical skills to retrieve information from databases, particularly for bibliometric analyses (Astrom & Hansson, 2013). In this paper, we propose to investigate the relation between information professionals and high-level management as revealing tensions (between monitoring and building fiability). Adopting a data infrastructure perspective, we wouldlike to question the intersection between collection, classification and evaluation practices. The goal of the paper is also to share information about the situation in France. For 10 years, the continuous creation of new funding schemes and structures has led to a landscape where research organizations and universities overlap largely. The French research and innovation system is often characterized as a “millefeuilles”, a pastry with multi-layered structure. Recommendations on affiliations have been issued at the national level (Dassa et al, 2015), but they are considered as an unrealistic ideal. Our case study deals with a prestigious school of engineering setup in a large university campus. We will present the context and stages of development of a tracking tool that includes 1/ the tagging of the multiple versions of the lab’s name (up to 1200 versions were found in the study period) and 2/ an attempt to identify articles containing the school’s name in the main databases (WoS, Scopus and HAL), a work that has been developed in interaction with the main commercial providers. We will describe actors being pulled back and forth between conflicting and non-coordinated demands and emphasize intended effects of these tagging/tracking activities. At least, this work aims to examine the lessons derived from the development of multiple affiliations as a possible consequence of growing interdisciplinarity and question the pertinent scale of analysis. Would the solution be, as suggested by ORCID, an Organization ID?
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Poster
Science, Technology and Innovation indicators - STI 2017, Sep 2017, Champs sur Marne, France. 2017
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https://hal-enpc.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01628610
Contributeur : Frédérique Bordignon <>
Soumis le : vendredi 3 novembre 2017 - 17:39:09
Dernière modification le : jeudi 11 janvier 2018 - 06:27:27

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Marianne Noel, Frédérique Bordignon. The pitfalls of signature. Questionning affiliation in French research and higher education institutions. Science, Technology and Innovation indicators - STI 2017, Sep 2017, Champs sur Marne, France. 2017. 〈hal-01628610〉

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