Poroelasticity of the Callovo–Oxfordian Claystone

Abstract : This work is devoted to an experimental investigation of the poroelastic behavior of the Callovo–Oxfordian claystone, a potential host rock for the deep underground repository of high-level radioactive waste in France. Drained, undrained, pore pressure loading and unjacketed tests were carried out in a specially designed isotropic compression cell to determine the poroelastic parameters of fully saturated specimens. Great care was devoted to the saturation procedure, and small loading rates were used to ensure full drainage conditions in drained and pore pressure tests (0.5 kPa/min) and in the unjacketed test (2 kPa/min). High-precision strain measurements were performed by ensuring direct contact between the LVDT stems and the specimen. An analysis in the framework of transverse isotropic poroelasticity provided the Biot effective stress coefficients b1 (perpendicular to bedding) between 0.85 and 0.87 and b2 (parallel to bedding) between 0.90 and 0.98 under different stress conditions (pore pressure 4 MPa, total isotropic stresses of 14 and 12 MPa, respectively). A set of equivalent isotropic poroelastic parameters was also determined and a very good compatibility between the results of different tests was found, giving confidence in the parameters determined. The unjacketed test provided a directly reliable measurement of the unjacketed modulus (Ks = 21.7 GPa) that was afterward confirmed by an indirect evaluation that showed the non-dependency of Ks with respect to the stress level. These parameters were obtained for specimens cored and trimmed in the laboratory. A parametric study was then conducted so as to provide an estimation of the parameters in situ, i.e., not submitted to the damage supported by laboratory specimens. A minimal value b = 0.77 seems to be a reasonable lower bound for the equivalent isotropic Biot parameter.
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Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering, Springer Verlag, 2017, 50 (4), pp.871 - 889. 〈10.1007/s00603-016-1137-3〉
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Malik Belmokhtar, Pierre Delage, Siavash Ghabezloo, Anh Minh Tang, Hamza Menaceur, et al.. Poroelasticity of the Callovo–Oxfordian Claystone. Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering, Springer Verlag, 2017, 50 (4), pp.871 - 889. 〈10.1007/s00603-016-1137-3〉. 〈hal-01515962〉

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