Temporal trends of persistent organic pollutants in dated sediment cores: Chemical fingerprinting of the anthropogenic impacts in the Seine River basin, Paris.

Abstract : Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) were extensively produced and used throughout the last century. In the early 1980s, a rising concern on the environmental impact of these chemicals has led to the establishment of regulations and changes of use including bans. Long term monitoring of the environmental impacts of these emissions and regulations is a challenge because regular monitoring was not mandatory at the beginning of the first emissions. Moreover, the analytical methods have been strongly improved over the decades. To overcome the lack of monitoring and accurate data, sediment cores are powerful tools to construct contamination records. In this study, a high resolution record was constructed for four POPs families (13 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), 15 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), 3 alkylphenols (APs) and 8 polybromodiphenyl ethers (PBDEs)) to establish their historical trends in a long-term urbanized and industrialized environment: the Seine River basin, France. These specific families were selected because they had different sources, uses and histories. The results showed concentrations up to 90mg/kg for ∑PAHs, 2.3mg/kg for ∑PCB, 1.2mg/kg for ∑APs and 0.06mg/kg for ∑PBDE. The vertical distribution profiles were different from one family to another and presented a good correlation with uses (e.g. transition from coal to natural gas for PAHs), and regulation implementation (e.g., AP ban after "OSPAR Convention" in 1992). The study of compounds distribution provided original information on sources, e.g. temporal variations in PAH uses. This study demonstrates the usefulness and accuracy of sedimentary archives in floodplain to assess the fate of POPs through time in continental hydrosystems. These first results give a comprehensive overview of the contamination in the Seine River basin downstream of Paris Megacity. They were in good agreement with previous studies dedicated to European areas and highlighted specificities of this basin that were not reported before.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
Science of the Total Environment, Elsevier, 2015, 541, pp.1355-1363. 〈10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.09.147〉
Liste complète des métadonnées

https://hal-enpc.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01218608
Contributeur : Johnny Gasperi <>
Soumis le : mercredi 21 octobre 2015 - 14:24:00
Dernière modification le : mercredi 19 septembre 2018 - 01:18:20

Identifiants

Citation

C Lorgeoux, R. Moilleron, Johnny Gasperi, S Ayrault, P Bonté, et al.. Temporal trends of persistent organic pollutants in dated sediment cores: Chemical fingerprinting of the anthropogenic impacts in the Seine River basin, Paris.. Science of the Total Environment, Elsevier, 2015, 541, pp.1355-1363. 〈10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.09.147〉. 〈hal-01218608〉

Partager

Métriques

Consultations de la notice

520