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Batch copper ion binding and exchange properties of peat

Abstract : Cupric ion fixation by raw peat is likely involved in both cation exchange with H+, Ca++, Mg++ and adsorption-complexation i.e. fixation of the same equivalent of copper ions and anions (NO3-) without any ion release. The importance of both reactions depends largely on initial copper concentration, peat type and pH. Isotherms of copper (initial concentration ranging between 1 and 20 mM) fixation on two types of peat (eutrophic and oligotrophic peat at 30 g d.w./l at pH ranging between 2 and 4) showed that the higher the initial cupric concentration, the more important is this complexation reaction; over this initial cupric concentration range, ion exchange sites were relatively saturated and reached 308 and 101 mmol/kg d.w. for eutrophic and oligotrophic peat whereas no saturation was found for complexation sites, their capacity attaining up to 74 and 119 mmol/kg d.w. respectively.The apparent equilibrium constant for ion exchange with acid-treated peat (initial pH 4.0, 30 g d.w./l) for various metal binding on both peat sites range between 1.1 and 10.8 in 15 mM metallic solutions. The apparent affinity in batch conditions for 5 elements may be compared according to the apparent global equilibrium constants, ranging between 1.1x10-6 and 20.2x10-6: Pb > Cu > Ca > Mg, Zn for eutrophic peat and Pb > Ca > Cu > Mg, Zn for oligotrophic peat.
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Soumis le : mercredi 19 novembre 2014 - 14:43:33
Dernière modification le : vendredi 22 juillet 2022 - 09:11:04
Archivage à long terme le : : vendredi 20 février 2015 - 10:41:25


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  • HAL Id : hal-01084540, version 1



Xiao-Hua Chen, Gosset Thierry, Daniel R. Thevenot. Batch copper ion binding and exchange properties of peat. Water Research, IWA Publishing/Elsevier, 1990, 24 (12), pp.1463-1491. ⟨hal-01084540⟩



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