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The dilemna of spatial representation for urban hydrology semi-distributed modelling: trade-off among complexity, calibration and geographical data

Abstract : Semi-distributed models are widely used in urban hydrology, supported by the abundance and detail of geographical data. The inclusion of these data into hydrological models requires however an increasing complexity of the model structure with spatially distributed parameters, potentially driving to over-parameterisation issues. In this paper, different configurations and model structures, including an increasing quantity of geographical information, are tested for both water quantity and water quality on the widely used SWMM5 model for a 2.3km2 catchment. The Nash criterion is used to calibrate the model and compare alternative configurations. Results for water quantity modelling show that the inclusion of some basic geographical information, particularly on land uses, clearly improves performances, but further refinements are less effective. Uncalibrated models with sufficient land use information reach performances comparable with those of calibrated models. For water quality modelling (suspended solids concentration), the best modelling performance is obtained by a compromise solution with moderate spatial distribution of parameters: no spatial distribution drives to limited performances, while an excessive one to severe over-parameterisation. A comparison to suspended solids measurements realized on a single road of the catchment shows that parameters providing good performances at the catchment scale are a realistic, although non optimal, representation of local scale processes.
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https://hal-enpc.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01068210
Contributeur : Céline Bonhomme <>
Soumis le : jeudi 25 septembre 2014 - 10:59:29
Dernière modification le : mercredi 26 février 2020 - 19:06:15

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G. Petrucci, Céline Bonhomme. The dilemna of spatial representation for urban hydrology semi-distributed modelling: trade-off among complexity, calibration and geographical data. Journal of Hydrology, Elsevier, 2014, 517 (09), pp.997-1007. ⟨10.1016/j.jhydrol.2014.06.019⟩. ⟨hal-01068210⟩

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