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Article Dans Une Revue Environmental Science and Pollution Research Année : 2014

Nonpoint source pollution of urban stormwater runoff: a methodology for source analysis

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Résumé

The characterization and control of runoff pollution from nonpoint sources in urban areas are a major issue for the protection of aquatic environments. We propose a methodology to quantify the sources of pollutants in an urban catchment and to analyze the associated uncertainties. After describing the methodology, we illustrate it through an application to the sources of Cu, Pb, Zn, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) from a residential catchment (228 ha) in the Paris region. In this application, we suggest several procedures that can be applied for the analysis of other pollutants in different catchments, including an estimation of the total extent of roof accessories (gutters and downspouts, watertight joints and valleys) in a catchment. These accessories result as the major source of Pb and as an important source of Zn in the example catchment, while activity-related sources (traffic, heating) are dominant for Cu (brake pad wear) and PAH (tire wear, atmospheric deposition).
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Dates et versions

hal-00984392 , version 1 (28-04-2014)

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Guido Petrucci, Marie-Christine Gromaire, Masoud Fallah Shorshani, Ghassan Chebbo. Nonpoint source pollution of urban stormwater runoff: a methodology for source analysis. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2014, pp.18. ⟨10.1007/s11356-014-2845-4⟩. ⟨hal-00984392⟩
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