R. Adrian, C. M. O-'reilly, H. Zagarese, S. B. Baines, and D. ,

D. M. Keller, R. Livingstone, D. Sommaruga, E. Straile, G. A. Van-donk et al., Lakes as sentinels of climate change, Limnology and Oceanography, vol.546, pp.2283-2297, 2009.

O. Anneville and &. J. Pelletier, Recovery of Lake Geneva from eutrophication: quantitative response of phytoplankton., Fundamental and Applied Limnology, vol.148, issue.4, pp.607-624, 2000.
DOI : 10.1127/archiv-hydrobiol/148/2000/607

O. Anneville, V. Ginot, J. C. Druart, and &. N. Angeli, Long-term study (1974-1998) of seasonal changes in the phytoplankton in Lake Geneva: a multi-table approach, Journal of Plankton Research, vol.24, issue.10, pp.993-1008, 2002.
DOI : 10.1093/plankt/24.10.993

I. Auer, R. Bohm, A. Jurkovic, and W. ,

M. Schoner, C. Ungersbock, K. Matulla, P. Briffa, D. Jones et al.,

M. Moisselin, M. Begert, G. Muller-westermeier, V. Kveton, O. Bochnicek et al.,

K. Gajic-capka, Z. Zaninovic, &. E. Majstorovic, and . Nieplova, Histalp ?historical instrumental climatological surface time series of the greater alpine region, International Journal of Climatology, vol.27, issue.1, pp.17-46, 2007.

M. Beniston, Mountain Weather and Climate: A General Overview and a Focus on Climatic Change in the Alps, Hydrobiologia, vol.12, issue.1, pp.3-16, 2006.
DOI : 10.1127/phyto/24/1994/667

M. Brunetti, G. Lentini, M. Maugeri, T. Nanni, I. Auer et al.,

. Schöner, Climate variability and change in the Greater Alpine Region over the last two centuries based on multi-variable analysis, International Journal of Climatology, vol.29, issue.15, pp.2197-2225, 2009.

T. M. Bueche and . Vetter, Simulating water temperatures and stratification of a pre-alpine lake with a hydrodynamic model: calibration e.Proofing http, p.48, 2013.

, and sensitivity analysis of climatic input parameters

F. Chahuneau, Modélisation saisonnière du lac de Nantua, Verh Internat Limnol, vol.22, pp.125-131, 1984.

F. Chahuneau, S. Des-clers, and &. J. Meyer, Analysis of Prediction Uncertainty: Monte Carlo Simulation and Nonlinear Least-Squares Estimation of a Vertical Transport Submodel for Lake Nantua, Uncertainty and Forecasting of Water Quality, 1983.
DOI : 10.1007/978-3-642-82054-0_8

Y. Cuypers, B. Vinçon-leite, A. Groleau, B. Tassin, and &. J. Humbert, Impact of internal waves on the spatial distribution of Planktothrix rubescens (cyanobacteria) in an alpine lake, The ISME Journal, vol.28, issue.4, pp.580-589, 2011.
DOI : 10.4319/lo.1987.32.1.0029

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01208054

M. T. Dokulil and . Teubner, Do phytoplankton communities correctly track trophic changes? An assessment using directly measured and palaeolimnological data, Freshwater Biology, vol.31, issue.10, pp.1594-1604, 2005.
DOI : 10.1023/B:HYDR.0000004269.54705.cb

M. T. Dokulil, A. Jagsch, G. D. George, O. Anneville, T. Jankowski et al.,

B. Wahl, T. Lenhart, &. K. Blenckner, and . Teubner, Twenty years of spatially coherent deepwater warming in lakes across Europe related to the North Atlantic Oscillation, Limnology and Oceanography, vol.51, issue.6, pp.2787-2793, 2006.

M. T. Dokulil, K. Teubner, A. Jagsch, U. Nickus, and R. ,

A. Jankowski, &. J. Herzig, and . Padisak, The impact of climate change on lakes in Central Europe The Impact of Climate Change on European Lakes, Aquatic Ecology Series, pp.387-409, 2010.

X. Fang and &. H. Stefan, Projections of climate change effects on water temperature characteristics of small lakes in the contiguous U, Climatic Change, vol.42, issue.2, pp.377-412, 1999.
DOI : 10.1023/A:1005431523281

N. Gallina, N. Salmaso, G. Morabito, and &. M. Beniston, Phytoplankton configuration in six deep lakes in the peri-Alpine region: are the key drivers related to eutrophication and climate?, Aquatic Ecology, vol.156, issue.Suppl 1, pp.177-193, 2013.
DOI : 10.1007/978-0-387-45972-1

. Proofing, , p.48, 2014.

G. H. Goudsmit, H. Burchard, F. Peeters, and &. A. Wuest, Application of k??; turbulence models to enclosed basins: the role of internal seiches, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.107, issue.C12, pp.3230-3243, 2002.

B. Henderson-sellers, Engineering Limnology, 1984.

M. Hondzo and &. H. Stefan, Lake Water Temperature Simulation Model, Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, vol.119, issue.11, pp.1251-1273, 1993.
DOI : 10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9429(1993)119:11(1251)

S. W. Hostetler, Use of models and observations to assess trends in the 1950-2005 water balance and climate of Upper Klamath Lake, Oregon, Water Resources Research, vol.16, issue.3, 2009.
DOI : 10.1002/hyp.1095

, AQ3

S. W. Hostetler and &. E. Small, RESPONSE OF NORTH AMERICAN FRESHWATER LAKES TO SIMULATED FUTURE CLIMATES, Journal of the American Water Resources Association, vol.163, issue.3, pp.1625-1637, 1999.
DOI : 10.1002/(SICI)1099-1085(19970630)11:8<873::AID-HYP510>3.0.CO;2-6

G. Hutchinson, A Treatise on Limnology Geography, Physics and Chemistry, 1957.

J. J. Imberger and . Patterson, A dynamic reservoir simulation model, pp.310-361, 1981.

J. J. Imberger and . Patterson, Physical Limnology, Physical limnology. Advances in Applied Mechanics, vol.27, pp.303-475, 1990.
DOI : 10.1016/S0065-2156(08)70199-6

, Climate Change, IPCC Report. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 2007.

S. Jacquet, J. F. Briand, C. Leboulanger, C. Avois-jacquet, L. Oberhaus et al.,

H. , The proliferation of the toxic cyanobacterium Planktothrix rubescens following restoration of the largest natural French lake (Lac du Bourget), Harmful Algae, vol.4, issue.4, pp.651-672, 2005.

M. Jochimsen, R. Kümmerlin, and &. D. Straile, Compensatory dynamics and the stability of phytoplankton biomass during four decades of eutrophication and oligotrophication, Ecology Letters, vol.114, issue.1, pp.81-89, 2013.
DOI : 10.1111/j.2006.0030-1299.14723.x

. Proofing, , p.48, 2014.

L. Vu, B. , B. Vinçon-leite, B. J. Lemaire, and N. ,

J. F. Drezen, N. Deroubaix, Y. Escoffier, C. Degres, A. Freissinet et al., High-frequency monitoring of phytoplankton dynamics within the European water framework directive: application to metalimnetic cyanobacteria, Biogeochemistry, vol.106, issue.2, pp.229-242, 2011.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/bioemco-00642853

D. Livingstone and &. M. Dokulil, Eighty years of spatially coherent Austrian lake surface temperatures and their relationship to regional air temperature and the North Atlantic Oscillation, Limnology and Oceanography, vol.46, issue.5, pp.1220-1227, 2001.
DOI : 10.4319/lo.2001.46.5.1220

D. M. Livingstone, Impact of Secular Climate Change on the Thermal Structure of a Large Temperate Central European Lake, Climatic Change, vol.57, issue.1/2, pp.205-225, 2003.
DOI : 10.1023/A:1022119503144

A. Lorke, Boundary mixing in the thermocline of a large lake, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.20, issue.C2, 2007.
DOI : 10.1029/CE054p0001

S. Macintyre, K. M. Flynn, R. Jellison, and &. J. Romero, Boundary mixing and nutrient fluxes in Mono Lake, California, Limnology and Oceanography, vol.44, issue.3, pp.512-529, 1999.
DOI : 10.4319/lo.1999.44.3.0512

G. Mellor and &. P. Durbin, The Structure and Dynamics of the Ocean Surface Mixed Layer, Journal of Physical Oceanography, vol.5, issue.4, pp.718-728, 1975.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0485(1975)005<0718:TSADOT>2.0.CO;2

A. Miquet, La r??gulation du lac du Bourget (France) : nouveau fonctionnement hydraulique, impacts environnementaux / Regulation of the lac du Bourget (French Alps) : environmental impact of new management rules, Revue de g??ographie alpine, vol.85, issue.2, pp.11-21, 1997.
DOI : 10.3406/rga.1997.3907

D. V. Mironov, Parameterization of Lakes in Numerical Weather Prediction. Description of a Lake Model, 2008.

R. P. North, D. M. Livingstone, R. E. Hari, O. Koester, P. Niederhauser et al., The physical impact of the late 1980s climate regime shift on Swiss rivers and lakes, Inland Waters, vol.3, issue.3, pp.341-350, 2013.
DOI : 10.5268/IW-3.3.560

F. Peeters, D. M. Livingstone, G. H. Goudsmit, R. Kipfer, and &. R. Forster, Modeling 50 years of historical temperature profiles in a large e.Proofing http, p.48, 2002.

. Central-european-lake, Limnology and Oceanography, vol.47, issue.1, pp.186-197

M. Perroud, S. Goyette, A. Martynov, M. Beniston, and O. Anneville, Simulation of multiannual thermal profiles in deep Lake Geneva: A comparison of one-dimensional lake models, Limnology and Oceanography, vol.54, issue.5, pp.1574-1594, 2009.
DOI : 10.4319/lo.2009.54.5.1574

J. Rempfer, D. M. Livingstone, C. Blodau, R. Forster, P. Niederhauser et al., The effect of the exceptionally mild European winter of 2006-2007 on temperature and oxygen profiles in lakes in Switzerland: A foretaste of the future?, Limnology and Oceanography, vol.55, issue.5, pp.2170-2180, 2010.
DOI : 10.4319/lo.2010.55.5.2170

C. S. Reynolds, S. C. Maberly, J. E. Parker, and &. M. De-ville, Forty years of monitoring water quality in Grasmere (English Lake District): separating the effects of enrichment by treated sewage and hydraulic flushing on phytoplankton ecology, Freshwater Biology, vol.12, issue.2, pp.384-399, 2012.
DOI : 10.2307/3082

R. Rosner, D. C. Muller-navarra, and &. E. Zorita, Trend analysis of weekly temperatures and oxygen concentrations during summer stratification in Lake Plu??see: A long-term study, Limnology and Oceanography, vol.57, issue.5, pp.1479-1491, 2012.
DOI : 10.4319/lo.2012.57.5.1479

N. Salmaso, Influence of atmospheric modes of variability on a deep??lake south of the Alps, Climate Research, vol.51, issue.2, pp.125-133, 2012.
DOI : 10.3354/cr01063

N. L. Salmaso and . Cerasino, Long-term trends and fine year-to-year tuning of phytoplankton in large lakes are ruled by eutrophication and atmospheric modes of variability, Hydrobiologia, vol.107, issue.1, pp.17-28, 2012.
DOI : 10.1029/2001JC001124

N. Salmaso, F. Decet, and &. R. Mosello, Chemical characteristics and trophic evolution of the deep subalpine Lake Garda (Northern Italy), Mem Ist ital Idrobiol, vol.56, pp.51-76, 1997.

D. W. Schindler, Lakes as sentinels and integrators for the effects of climate change on watersheds, airsheds, and landscapes, Limnology and Oceanography, vol.54, issue.6part2, pp.2349-2358, 2009.
DOI : 10.4319/lo.2009.54.6_part_2.2349

W. Schmidt, Uber Temperatur und Stabilitätsverhältnisse von Seen, Geografiska Annaler, vol.10, pp.145-177, 1928.

. Proofing, , p.48, 2014.

T. Simons, The Seasonal Climate of the Upper Ocean: Data Analysis and Model Development, National Water Research Institute, 1981.

H. Stefan, X. Fang, and &. M. Hondzo, Simulated climate change effects on year-round water temperatures in temperate zone lakes, Climatic Change, vol.40, pp.3-4, 1998.

D. Straile, K. Johnk, and &. H. Rossknecht, Complex effects of winter warming on the physicochemical characteristics of a deep lake, Limnology and Oceanography, vol.48, issue.4, pp.1432-1438, 2003.
DOI : 10.4319/lo.2003.48.4.1432

D. Straile, O. Kerimoglu, F. Peeters, M. C. Jochimsen, R. Kummerlin et al.,

&. K. Rinke and . Rothhaupt, Effects of a half a millennium winter on a deep lake?a shape of things to come?, Global Change Biology, vol.16, issue.10, pp.2844-2856, 2010.

B. Tassin, Contribution à la modélisation écologique du lac Léman: Modèles physiques et biogéochimiques du lac, 1986.

H. Thies, M. Tolotti, U. Nickus, A. Lami, S. Musazzi et al.,

&. H. Rose and . Yang, Interactions of temperature and nutrient changes: effects on phytoplankton in the Piburger See (Tyrol, Austria), Freshwater Biology, vol.57, issue.10, pp.2057-2075, 2012.

B. Vinçon-leite, Contribution de la modélisation mathématique à l'étude de la qualité de l'eau dans les lacs sub-alpins, 1991.

B. Vinçon-leite, J. M. Mouchel, and &. B. Tassin, Modélisation de l'évolution thermique saisonnière du lac du Bourget, 1989.

, Revue des Sciences de l'Eau, pp.483-510

S. M. Weinberger and . Vetter, Using the hydrodynamic model DYRESM based on results of a regional climate model to estimate water temperature changes at Lake Ammersee, Ecological Modelling, vol.244, issue.0, pp.38-48, 2012.
DOI : 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2012.06.016

. Proofing, , p.48, 2014.

D. Williams, G. Drummond, D. Ford, and &. D. Robey, Determination of light extinction in lakes and reservoirs, Proceedings ASCE symposium on surface water impoundments, 1981.

, Proofing http

, 33 sur 33 12, p.48, 2014.