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1H NMR relaxometry as an indicator of setting and water depletion during cement hydration

Abstract : Proton nuclear magnetic resonance relaxometry has been used to detect setting and microstructure evolution during cement hydration. NMR measurements were performed since casting, during setting and until hardening (from 0 to 3 days). The mobility of water molecules was assessed by an analysis focused on the diagram of longitudinal relaxation time T1 generated by an Inversion Recovery sequence. The initial stiffening of the solid network was identified by an analysis of the relaxation rate 1/T1. The kinetics of water depletion was investigated by using a simple one-pulse acquisition sequence. In parallel, conventional techniques (Vicat needle and temperature monitoring), as well as numerical simulations of hydration, were used to complement and validate these NMR results. Cement pastes and mortars with different water-to-cement ratios made of grey or white OPCs were tested. Furthermore, the effects of the addition of sand, super-plasticizer and silica fume on the hydration kinetics were investigated. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
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Biao Wang, P. Faure, M. Thiéry, V. Baroghel-Bouny. 1H NMR relaxometry as an indicator of setting and water depletion during cement hydration. Cement and Concrete Research, Elsevier, 2013, 45 (1), pp.1-14. ⟨10.1016/j.cemconres.2012.10.017⟩. ⟨hal-00946068⟩



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