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Chemically induced compaction bands: Triggering conditions and band thickness

Ioannis Stefanou 1 Jean Sulem 2
1 msa - Matériaux et Structures Architecturés
navier umr 8205 - Laboratoire Navier
2 cermes - Géotechnique
navier umr 8205 - Laboratoire Navier
Abstract : During compaction band formation various mechanisms can be involved at different scales. Mechanical and chemical degradation of the solid skeleton and grain damage are important factors that may trigger instabilities in the form of compaction bands. Here we explore the conditions of compaction band formation in quartz- and carbonate-based geomaterials by considering the effect of chemical dissolution and grain breakage. As the stresses/deformations evolve, the grains of the material break leading to an increase of their specific surface. Consequently, their dissolution is accelerated and chemical softening is triggered. By accounting for (a) the mass diffusion of the system, (b) a macroscopic failure criterion with dissolution softening and (c) the reaction kinetics at the micro level, a model is proposed and the conditions for compaction instabilities are investigated. Distinguishing the micro-scale (grain level) from the macro-level (Representative Elementary Volume) and considering the heterogeneous microstructure of the REV it is possible to discuss the thickness and periodicity of compaction bands. Two case studies are investigated. The first one concerns a sandstone rock reservoir which is water flooded and the second one a carbonate rock in which CO2 is injected for storage. It is shown that compaction band instabilities are possible in both cases.
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Ioannis Stefanou, Jean Sulem. Chemically induced compaction bands: Triggering conditions and band thickness. Journal of Geophysical Research : Solid Earth, American Geophysical Union, 2014, in press. ⟨10.1002/2013JB010342⟩. ⟨hal-00923844⟩

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