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Journal Articles Journal of Fluid Mechanics Year : 2012

The onset of fragmentation in binary liquid drop collisions


Binary collisions of drops of immiscible liquids are investigated experimentally at well-defined conditions of impact. In the experiments we vary all relevant properties of an aqueous and an oil phase, the impact parameter, the drop size and the relative velocity. The drops observed after the collisions exhibit three main phenomena: full encapsulation, head-on fragmentation, and off-centre fragmentation. The regimes characterized by these phenomena replace the ones observed in binary collisions of drops of the same liquid: coalescence, reflexive separation, and stretching separation. Our aim is a universal description of the two fragmentation thresholds of such collisions. Based on the capillary instability and an energy balance, we establish for head-on collisions a scaling law for the evolution of the threshold impact velocity with the properties of the liquids and the droplet size. The fragmentation threshold for off-centre collisions is compared to established models from the literature, which appear unsatisfactory. Introducing an effective impact parameter, which accounts empirically for the deformation and rotation of the drops upon impact, we describe this fragmentation threshold in a universal way. For both fragmentation thresholds, the agreement between experimental data and their theoretical representation is very good. Our work yields new insight into binary collisions of drops and proposes a perspective to develop a more general description with implications for binary collisions of drops of a single liquid as well.
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Dates and versions

hal-00785837 , version 1 (07-02-2013)



Carole Planchette, Elise Lorenceau, Günter Brenn. The onset of fragmentation in binary liquid drop collisions. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 2012, 702, pp.5. ⟨10.1017/jfm.2012.94⟩. ⟨hal-00785837⟩
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