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Article Dans Une Revue Water Research Année : 2012

Towards the determination of an optimal scale for stormwater quality management: Micropollutants in a small residential catchment.

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Résumé

Stormwater and atmospheric deposits were collected on a small residential urban catchment (0.8 ha) near Paris in order to determine the levels of certain micropollutants (using a preliminary scan of 69 contaminants, followed by a more detailed quantification of PAHs, PCBs, alkylphenols and metals). Atmospheric inputs accounted for only 10%-38% of the stormwater contamination (except for PCBs), thus indicating substantial release within the catchment. On this small upstream catchment however, stormwater contamination is significantly lower than that observed downstream in storm sewers on larger adjacent urban catchments with similar land uses. These results likely stem from cross-contamination activity during transfers inside the sewer system and underscore the advantages of runoff management strategies at the source for controlling stormwater pollutant loads. Moreover, it has been shown that both contamination levels and contaminant speciation evolve with the scale of the catchment, in correlation with a large fraction of dissolved contaminants in upstream runoff, which differs from what has been traditionally assumed for stormwater. Consequently, the choice of treatment device/protocol must be adapted to the management scale as well as to the targeted type of contaminant.
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Dates et versions

hal-00759884 , version 1 (03-12-2012)

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Citer

Adèle Bressy, Marie-Christine Gromaire, C. Lorgeoux, M. Saad, F. Leroy, et al.. Towards the determination of an optimal scale for stormwater quality management: Micropollutants in a small residential catchment.. Water Research, 2012, 46 (20), pp.6799-810. ⟨10.1016/j.watres.2011.12.017⟩. ⟨hal-00759884⟩
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