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Conciliating industrial competitiveness and climate policy: Output-Based allocation of CO2 allowances or border adjustment? [Concilier compétitivité industrielle et politique climatique Faut-il distribuer les quotas de CO2 en fonction de la production]

Abstract : We compare four proposals for the European Union greenhouse gas Emission Trading Scheme (ets): auctioning of allowances, distribution of allowances proportional to current output, auctioning with border adjustment, and a hybrid distribution with auctioning for power production and output-based allocation in the other sectors. We develop a partial equilibrium model of the eu 27 featuring three sectors covered by the ets: cement, steel and electricity, as well as aluminium, indirectly impacted through the electricity price. The co2 leakage rate ranges from 8% under auctioning to - 2% with the border adjustment, and varies a lot across sectors. The aggregate economic cost is the highest with output-based allocation and the lowest with the border adjustment. © Presses de Sciences Po.
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Soumis le : mardi 10 juillet 2012 - 14:19:22
Dernière modification le : mercredi 14 octobre 2020 - 04:16:21

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D. Demailly, Philippe Quirion. Conciliating industrial competitiveness and climate policy: Output-Based allocation of CO2 allowances or border adjustment? [Concilier compétitivité industrielle et politique climatique Faut-il distribuer les quotas de CO2 en fonction de la production]. Revue Economique, Presses de Sciences Po, 2008, 59 (3), pp.497-504. ⟨10.3917/reco.593.0497⟩. ⟨hal-00716359⟩

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