Accéder directement au contenu Accéder directement à la navigation
Article dans une revue

Setting priorities for land management to mitigate climate change

Abstract : Background: No consensus has been reached how to measure the effectiveness of climate change mitigation in the land-use sector and how to prioritize land use accordingly. We used the long-term cumulative and average sectorial C stocks in biomass, soil and products, C stock changes, the substitution of fossil energy and of energy-intensive products, and net present value (NPV) as evaluation criteria for the effectiveness of a hectare of productive land to mitigate climate change and produce economic returns. We evaluated land management options using real-life data of Thuringia, a region representative for central-western European conditions, and input from life cycle assessment, with a carbon-tracking model. We focused on solid biomass use for energy production.Results: In forestry, the traditional timber production was most economically viable and most climate-friendly due to an assumed recycling rate of 80% of wood products for bioenergy. Intensification towards "pure bioenergy production" would reduce the average sectorial C stocks and the C substitution and would turn NPV negative. In the forest conservation (non-use) option, the sectorial C stocks increased by 52% against timber production, which was not compensated by foregone wood products and C substitution. Among the cropland options wheat for food with straw use for energy, whole cereals for energy, and short rotation coppice for bioenergy the latter was most climate-friendly. However, specific subsidies or incentives for perennials would be needed to favour this option.Conclusions: When using the harvested products as materials prior to energy use there is no climate argument to support intensification by switching from sawn-wood timber production towards energy-wood in forestry systems. A legal framework would be needed to ensure that harvested products are first used for raw materials prior to energy use. Only an effective recycling of biomaterials frees land for long-term sustained C sequestration by conservation. Reuse cascades avoid additional emissions from shifting production or intensification. 2012 Böttcher et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Liste complète des métadonnées

https://hal-enpc.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00716172
Contributeur : Ist Enpc <>
Soumis le : mardi 10 juillet 2012 - 10:13:30
Dernière modification le : mercredi 14 octobre 2020 - 04:15:53

Lien texte intégral

Identifiants

Collections

Citation

H. Böttcher, A. Freibauer, Y. Scholz, V. Gitz, P. Ciais, et al.. Setting priorities for land management to mitigate climate change. Carbon Balance and Management, BioMed Central, 2012, 7 (1), pp.5. ⟨10.1186/1750-0680-7-5⟩. ⟨hal-00716172⟩

Partager

Métriques

Consultations de la notice

471