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Article dans une revue

Exploring the potential for energy conservation in French households through hybrid modeling

Abstract : Although the building sector is recognized as having major potential for energy conservation and carbon dioxide emission mitigation, conventional bottom-up and top-down models are limited in their ability to capture the complex economic and technological dynamics of the sector. This paper introduces a hybrid framework developed to assess future household energy demand in France. Res-IRF, a bottom-up module of energy consumption for space heating, has several distinctive features: (i) a clear separation between energy efficiency, i.e. investment in energy efficient technologies, and sufficiency. i.e. changes in the utilization of energy consuming durables which allows the rebound effect to be assessed; (ii) the inclusion of barriers to energy efficiency in the form of intangible costs, consumer heterogeneity parameters and the learning-by-doing process; (iii) an endogenous determination of retrofitting which represents trade-offs between retrofit quantity and quality. Subsequently, Res-IRF is linked to the IMACLIM-R computable general equilibrium model. This exercise shows that, compared to a 37% reduction in final energy demand achievable in business as usual in existing dwellings in 2050, an additional reduction of 21% could be achieved if relevant barriers to efficiency and sufficiency were overcome. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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Soumis le : vendredi 6 juillet 2012 - 17:23:20
Dernière modification le : samedi 3 octobre 2020 - 03:03:42

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Louis-Gaetan Giraudet, Céline Guivarch, Philippe Quirion. Exploring the potential for energy conservation in French households through hybrid modeling. Energy Economics, Elsevier, 2012, 34 (2), pp.426--445. ⟨10.1016/j.eneco.2011.07.010⟩. ⟨hal-00715345⟩

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