A. Al-droubi, B. Fritz, J. Gac, and Y. Tardy, Generalized residual alkalinity concept; application to prediction of the chemical evolution of natural waters by evaporation, American Journal of Science, vol.280, issue.6, pp.560-572, 1980.
DOI : 10.2475/ajs.280.6.560

P. Bournet, Contribution aÁ l'eÂtude hydrodynamique et thermique du lac du Bourget, Ecole Nationale du Ge nie Rural, 1996.

E. Carmack, R. Wiegand, R. Daley, B. Gray, S. Jasper et al., Mechanisms in¯uencing the circulation and distribution of water mass in a medium residence-time lake, Limnol. Oceanogr, pp.31-249, 1986.

G. Charlot, Chimie Analytique Quantitative, 1974.

F. Decet and N. Salmaso, Indagini preliminari sulle caratteristiche chimiche dei principali a‚uenti e dell'emissario del Lago di Garda, 1997.

J. Gaillard, Limologie chimique: principes et processus, pp.115-156, 1995.

A. Hartley, W. House, M. Callow, and B. Leadbetter, The Use of Microelectrodes to Study the Precipitation of Calcite upon Algal Biofilms, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, vol.183, issue.2, pp.498-505, 1996.
DOI : 10.1006/jcis.1996.0573

A. Hartley, W. House, M. Callow, and B. Leadbetter, Coprecipitation of phosphate with calcite in the presence of photosynthesizing green algae, Water Research, vol.31, issue.9, pp.2261-2268, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0043-1354(97)00103-6

D. Hodell, C. Scheske, G. Fahnenstiel, and L. Trobbins, Biologically induced calcite and its isotopic composition in Lake Ontario, Limnology and Oceanography, vol.43, issue.2, pp.187-199, 1998.
DOI : 10.4319/lo.1998.43.2.0187

W. House and L. Donaldson, Adsorption and coprecipitation of phosphate on calcite, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, vol.112, issue.2, pp.309-324, 1986.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9797(86)90101-3

K. Kelts and K. Hsu, Freshwater Carbonate Sedimentation, Lakes: Chemistry, Geology, Physics, pp.295-323, 1978.
DOI : 10.1007/978-1-4757-1152-3_9

J. Kleiner, Coprecipitation of phosphate with calcite in lake water: A laboratory experiment modelling phosphorus removal with calcite in Lake Constance, Water Research, vol.22, issue.10, pp.1259-1265, 1988.
DOI : 10.1016/0043-1354(88)90113-3

J. Kuchler-krischun and J. Kleiner, Heterogeneously nucleated calcite precipitation in Lake Constance. A short time resolution study, Aquatic Sciences, vol.104, issue.177, pp.176-197, 1990.
DOI : 10.1007/BF00902379

M. Masson, S. Canu, Y. Grandvalet, and A. Lyngaard-jensen, Software sensor design based on empirical data, International workshop on applications of neural networks to ecological modelling, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S0304-3800(99)00097-6

G. Michard, Equilibres Chimiques dans les Eaux Naturelles, 1989.

F. Morel, Principles of Aquatic Chemistry, 1983.

T. Murphy, K. Hall, and I. Yesaki, Coprecipitation of phosphate with calcite in a naturally eutrophic lake, Limnology and Oceanography, vol.28, issue.1, pp.58-69, 1983.
DOI : 10.4319/lo.1983.28.1.0058

A. Otzuki and R. Wetzel, COPRECIPITATION OF PHOSPHATE WITH CARBONATES IN A MARL LAKE, Limnology and Oceanography, vol.17, issue.5, pp.763-767, 1972.
DOI : 10.4319/lo.1972.17.5.0763

F. Podda and G. Michard, Mesure colorime trique de l'alcaliniteÂ, C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris. seÂrie II, vol.319, pp.651-657, 1994.

A. Red®eld, B. Ketchum, and F. Richards, The in¯uence of organisms on the composition of seawater, The Sea, pp.26-77, 1963.

N. Salmaso and F. Decet, Interactions of physical, chemical and biological processes a€ecting the seasonality of mineral composition and nutrient cycling in the water column of a deep subalpine lake (Lake Garda, Northern Italy), Arch. Hydrobiol, vol.142, issue.4, pp.385-414, 1998.

G. Sarazin, G. Michard, and F. Prevot, A rapid and accurate spectroscopic method for alkalinity measurements in sea water samples, Water Research, vol.33, issue.1, pp.290-294, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0043-1354(98)00168-7

L. Sigg, W. Stumm, and P. Behra, Chimie des Milieux Aquatiques, 1994.

H. Stabel, Calcite precipitation in Lake Constance: Chemical equilibrium, sedimentation, and nucleation by algae1, Limnology and Oceanography, vol.31, issue.5, p.31, 1986.
DOI : 10.4319/lo.1986.31.5.1081

H. Stabel and C. Chondrogianni, Seasonal shifts in the grain size of settling particles in lake constance, Water Research, vol.22, issue.2, pp.251-255, 1988.
DOI : 10.1016/0043-1354(88)90086-3

W. Stumm and J. Morgan, Aquatic Chemistry, 1981.

B. Vinc°-on-leite, Contribution de la modeÂlisation matheÂmatique aÁ l'eÂtude de la qualite de l'eau dans les lacs sub-Alpins, 1991.

B. Vinc°-on-leite, B. Tassin, and J. Jaquet, Contribution of mathematical modelling to lake ecosystem understanding, Hydrobiologia, vol.300301, pp.433-442, 1995.

B. Vinc°-on-leite, P. Bournet, X. Gayte, D. Fontvieille, and B. Tassin, Impact of a ¯ood event on the biogeochemical behaviour of a mesotrophic alpine lake: Lake Bourget (Savoy), Hydrobiologia, vol.373374, pp.361-377, 1998.

U. Weilenmann, The role of coagulation for the removal of particles by sedimentation in lakes, 1986.

A. Wuè, D. Imboden, and M. Schurter, Origin and size of hypolimnetic mixing in Urnersee, the southern basin of VierwaldstaÈ ttersee (Lake Lucerne), Schweiz. Z. Hydrol, vol.50, pp.40-70, 1988.