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Rainfall stochastic disaggregation models: Calibration and validation of a multiplicative cascade model

Abstract : The simulation of long time series of rainfall rates at short time steps remains an important issue for various applications in hydrology. Among the various types of simulation models, random multiplicative cascade models (RMC models) appear as an appealing solution which displays the advantages to be parameter parsimonious and linked to the multifractal theory. This paper deals with the calibration and validation of RMC models. More precisely, it discusses the limits of the scaling exponent function method often used to calibrate RMC models, and presents an hydrological validation of calibrated RMC models. A 8-year time series of 1-min rainfall rates is used for the calibration and the validation of the tested models. The paper is organized in three parts. In the first part, the scaling invariance properties of the studied rainfall series is shown using various methods (q-moments, PDMS, autocovariance structure) and a RMC model is calibrated on the basis of the rainfall data scaling exponent function. A detailed analysis of the obtained results reveals that the shape of the scaling exponent function, and hence the values of the calibrated parameters of the RMC model, are highly sensitive to sampling fluctuation and may also be biased. In the second part, the origin of the sensivity to sampling fluctuation and of the bias is studied in detail and a modified Jackknife estimator is tested to reduce the bias. Finally, two hydrological applications are proposed to validate two candidate RMC models: a canonical model based on a log-Poisson random generator, and a basic micro-canonical model based on a uniform random generator. It is tested in this third part if the models reproduce faithfully the statistical distribution of rainfall characteristics on which they have not been calibrated. The results obtained for two validation tests are relatively satisfactory but also show that the temporal structure of the measured rainfall time series at small time steps is not well reproduced by the two selected simple random cascade models. (C) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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E Gaume, N. Mouhous, H." Andrieu. Rainfall stochastic disaggregation models: Calibration and validation of a multiplicative cascade model. Advances in Water Resources, Elsevier, 2007, 30 (5), pp.1301--1319. ⟨10.1016/j.advwatres.2006.11.007⟩. ⟨hal-00711613⟩



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