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Dynamic Routing of Flow Resistance and Alluvial Bed-Form Changes from the Lower to the Upper Regime

Abstract : On the basis of a Strouhal number and the definition of the control factor, m, a new routing to calculate the energy slope in the lower and upper alluvial regimes is proposed. The control factor, m, representing the interactions in alluvial rivers, is reckoned as a bed-form index: while the flow evolves through transition, the control factor, m, decreases from m=2, associated with two-dimensional fully developed dunes, to m=1, associated primarily with in-phase waves. The way to predict the value of the control factor, m, is drawn from a previously published criterion for delineating the upper regime and is calibrated with experimental data. On several data from flumes and rivers, the routing is tested and compared with other methods from the literature. It appears that the new routing is the most robust because it allows researchers to obtain low averages of the discrepancy ratio for a wide range of ratios between the water depth and the median sediment diameter. On a selection of contrasted freshet events, the new routing allows for the capture of the primary dynamic of the flow resistance decrease.
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https://hal-enpc.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00678690
Contributeur : Christophe Kassiotis <>
Soumis le : mardi 13 mars 2012 - 15:55:34
Dernière modification le : jeudi 4 juin 2020 - 10:24:04

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Nicolas Huybrechts, G. Luong, Y. Zhang, Catherine Villaret, M. Verbanck. Dynamic Routing of Flow Resistance and Alluvial Bed-Form Changes from the Lower to the Upper Regime. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, American Society of Civil Engineers, 2011, 137 (9), pp.932-944. ⟨10.1061/(ASCE)HY.1943-7900.0000371⟩. ⟨hal-00678690⟩

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