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Article Dans Une Revue Science of the Total Environment Année : 2009

Priority pollutants in surface waters and settleable particles within a densely urbanized area: case study of Paris (France).

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Résumé

Implementation of the European Water Framework Directive 2000/60/EC (WFD) requires Member States to expand their collective knowledge of priority pollutants (PPs) within receiving waters. To achieve this objective, information on the occurrence of PPs in surface waters and, more specifically, within densely urbanized areas needs to be collected. This study has therefore been designed to provide information on both PP occurrence and concentration build-up along a heavily urbanized transect of the Seine River in the Paris region (France). A large range of PPs were observed in settleable particles and, to a lesser extent, in the waters surveyed. In surface waters, a total of 18 PPs, including 15 priority hazardous substances, were indeed detected, yet concentrations rarely exceeded the limit of quantification. In fact, only diuron, DEHP, fluoranthene and para-tert-octylphenol are observed on a frequent basis, with concentrations ranging from <0.01 to 1.0 microg l(-1). As regards the Environmental Quality Standards (EQS), 10 substances or groups of substances were found in surface waters to exhibit concentrations above the annual average value, while only the benzo(a)pyrene concentration exceed the maximum allowable level. As for the Canadian Sediment Quality Guidelines, settleable particles collected in the Seine River appear to be heavily contaminated since most samples contain PP levels above the guideline values (18 PPs) and, in many cases, above the probable effect levels (15 PPs), which underscores that the levels of metals, PAHs and PCBs in settleable particles constitute a potential risk to freshwater organisms.
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Dates et versions

hal-00676412 , version 1 (05-03-2012)

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Citer

Johnny Gasperi, Stéphane Garnaud, Vincent Rocher, Régis Moilleron. Priority pollutants in surface waters and settleable particles within a densely urbanized area: case study of Paris (France).. Science of the Total Environment, 2009, 407 (8), pp.2900-8. ⟨10.1016/j.scitotenv.2009.01.024⟩. ⟨hal-00676412⟩
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