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3D simulations of the interactions between crack and dislocations

Abstract : Fracture toughness in materials is not only controlled by macroscopic parameters but also by the microstructure. The defects of the crystalline structure such as voids, inclusions or dislocations can also greatly impact toughness. To better understand this, 3D simulations of a crack front interacting with dislocations will be carried out. These simulations aim at measuring the variations of the stress intensity factors on the crack front caused by the presence of dislocations. To carry out these simulations, two preexisting models will be combined: Extended Finite Elements Method (XFEM) and Discrete Dislocation Dynamics (DDD). XFEM is an evolution of the Finite Elements Methods that allows the study of a propagating crack without needing to remesh, it will control the studied volume, the applied loading and the crack position while DDD controls the dislocations, their movement, and their multiplication. The accuracy of the created model is tested by comparisons with atomistic simulations. To test the effect of dislocations on toughness, several dislocations with different slip systems were studied. Other parameters such as dislocation crack distance, line direction, and initial strain were also studied. To compare the studied model with existing simulation results, two crack orientations were selected. The studied dislocations have different behaviors depending on their slip system. The results show dislocations creating shielding, antishielding or a combination of both. These effects are only dependent of the dislocation nature, and do not change when the dislocation line direction changes or if the dislocation is farther from the crack, though the intensity of the effect does change given these circumstances. Since the presence of dislocations is associated to a shear stress in their glide planes, it is found that they have more effect on KII than on KI. KII also controls the crack propagation angle, which means that the dislocations are one of the main sources of crack deviation.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, June 7, 2022 - 10:10:13 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03689315, version 1

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Elena Jover Carrasco. 3D simulations of the interactions between crack and dislocations. Mechanical engineering [physics.class-ph]. Université Grenoble Alpes [2020-..], 2022. English. ⟨NNT : 2022GRALI032⟩. ⟨tel-03689315⟩

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