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High-Content Screening of Plankton Alkaline Phosphatase Activity in Microfluidics

Abstract : One way for phytoplankton to survive orthophosphate depletion is to utilize dissolved organic phosphorus by expressing alkaline phosphatase. The actual methods to assay alkaline phosphate activity—either in bulk or as a presence/absence of enzyme activity—fail to provide information on individual living cells. In this context, we develop a new microfluidic method to compartmentalize cells in 0.5 nL water-in-oil droplets and measure alkaline phosphatase activity at the single-cell level. We use enzyme-labeled fluorescence (ELF), which is based on the hydrolysis of ELF-P substrate, to monitor in real time and at the single-cell level both qualitative and quantitative information on cell physiology (i.e., localization and number of active enzyme sites and alkaline phosphatase kinetics). We assay the alkaline phosphatase activity of Tetraselmis sp. as a function of the dissolved inorganic phosphorus concentration and show that the time scale of the kinetics spans 1 order of magnitude. The advantages of subnanoliter-scale compartmentalization in droplet-based microfluidics provide a precise characterization of a population with single-cell resolution. Our results highlight the key role of cell physiology to efficiently access dissolved organic phosphorus.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01757331
Contributor : Nadine Laffargue <>
Submitted on : Friday, March 26, 2021 - 11:42:22 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, March 27, 2021 - 3:08:30 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Sunday, June 27, 2021 - 6:32:50 PM

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Mathias Girault, Thomas Beneyton, Deniz Pekin, Lionel Buisson, Sabrina Bichon, et al.. High-Content Screening of Plankton Alkaline Phosphatase Activity in Microfluidics. Analytical Chemistry, American Chemical Society, 2018, 90 (6), pp.4174 - 4181. ⟨10.1021/acs.analchem.8b00234⟩. ⟨hal-01757331⟩

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